Buddha Purnima is the biggest Buddhist festival that is celebrated on Gautama Buddha’s birth. It is also known as Buddha Jayanti, a full-moon-day of the month. Lord Buddha was born as the Prince Siddhartha Gautama in Lumbini, Nepal, around the year of 563 BCE. After his birth, an astrologer named Asita, come to his father, king Suddhodana and told that Prince Siddhartha would either become a great king or become a holy man. Gautama Buddha has always been inspiration for many and his journey of life is exemplary. He sacrifices all his luxuries and royal lifestyle to attain wisdom of thoughts.
Buddha Jayanti or Buddha Day is traditionally celebrated by Buddhists in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, China, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the USA, the UK and other countries in the world.
Buddha Purnima Celebration
Buddha Purnima is celebrated on the birthday of Buddha in Bodh Gaya. For all Buddhist, Bodh Gaya is the most important pilgrimage location, where Lord Budha was born. However, Kushinagar, Lumbini and Sarnath are also significant pilgrimage sites for all Buddhist. Buddhist pilgrims from all around the world join the occasion and visit these sites on Buddha Purnima. Prayers are offered by the devotees and processions, meditation and worshipping the statue of lord Buddha.
The Buddha temples are decorated with flowers, pilgrims at the Mahabodhi temple wears new clothes and chant the prayers of Lord Buddha. Pigeons are freed from cages, devotees distribute fruits, food and clothes to poor people. Disciples of Lord Budha believe and follow his preaching and the Panchsheel (5 principles of Buddhism) which are not to take life, not to steal, not to tell lie, not to consume liquor or intoxicants and not to be disloyal.
History of Lord Buddha
However, King Suddhodana of Kapilvastu wants to see his son as a king and told his son not to leave the palace grounds. Prince Siddhartha was married and he had a son. One-day Prince Siddhartha asked his chariot driver to take state visit to know the problems and tragedies of citizen’s life. According to the Buddhist literature, Prince Siddhartha saw the four sights suffering of ordinary people, old man, sick man, a corpse (dead body) and ascetic holy man at peace with world. These sights learned to suggest Gautama for spiritual path and to abandon royal life. He sacrificed his luxurious life and search the real truth of life. Finally, he meditated for years under a banyan tree and was enlightened there. This banyan tree is at Bodh Gaya in state of Bihar, India. He was named as Gautama Buddha, then become founder of Buddhism. The Dharmacakra (Dharma wheel) a wooden wheel with 8 spokes is the symbol of Lord Buddha. The wheel represents Buddha’s 8 noble teaching of Buddhism on the path to enlightenment.
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